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Calculates standardized anomalies of the given dimensions at all other dimensions and retains metadata.

Available in version 5.1.1 and later.


load "$NCARG_ROOT/lib/ncarg/nclscripts/csm/contributed.ncl"

	function dim_standardize_n_Wrap (
		x        : numeric,  
		opt      : integer,  
		dims [*] : integer   

	return_val [dimsizes(x)] :  float or double



A variable of numeric type and any dimensionality.


Setting opt=1 means to use the population standard deviation (i.e., divide by the number of non-missing values [N]). Otherwise, the sample standard deviation is used for normalization (i.e., divide by [N-1]).


The dimension(s) of x on which to calculate the standardized anomalies. Must be consecutive and monotonically increasing.

Return value

The output is of type double if the input is double, and float otherwise.

The dimensionality is the same as the input dimensionality.


The dim_standardize_n_Wrap function calculates and removes the mean from all elements of the dimensions indicated by dims, and retains metadata. It then standardizes at these dimensions by dividing the resulting deviations from the mean by the standard deviation of the rightmost dimension. These values are often called standardized anomalies. This is repeated for each index of the remaining dimensions. A wrapper function. Missing values are ignored.

See Also

dim_standardize_Wrap, dim_standardize_n, dim_median, dim_stddev, dim_num, dim_product, dim_rmsd, dim_rmvmean, dim_rmvmed, dim_standardize, dim_stat4, dim_stddev, dim_sum, dim_variance


Example 1: Let x be a 1-dimensional array: (a) Create a new variable, xNew, that contains standardized values; (b) replace the variable x with the standardized values. Use the population standard deviation.

  xNew = dim_standardize_n_Wrap(x, 1, 0)  ; new variable with meta data
  x    = dim_standardize_n_Wrap(x, 1, 0)  ; overwrite with standardized anomalies
  x@long_name = x@long_name +": standardized anomalies"
Example 2: Let x be a 3-dimensional array with dimension sizes (ntim, nlat, nlon). Standardize values of the rightmost (here, "nlon") dimension. Use the sample standard deviation (opt=0).
   xLon = dim_standardize_n_Wrap(x,0,2)    ; with metadata
   x    = dim_standardize_n_Wrap (x,0,2)    ; overwrite with deviations
Note: when operating across the rightmost dimension, it is simpler to use dim_standardize_Wrap.

Example 3: Let x be a 3-dimensional array with named dimensions (time, lat, lon) and dimension sizes (ntim, nlat, nlon). Standardize the values of the time dimension at all lat/lon indices.

   xTime = dim_standardize_n(x, 0, 0)  ; no meta data
   xTime = dim_standardize_n_Wrap(x, 0, 0)  ; has meta data
Example 4: Let x be a 4-dimensional array with named dimensions (time, leve, lat, lon) and dimension sizes (ntim, nlev, nlat, nlon). Standardize the values of the time and level dimension at all lat/lon indices:
   xstd = dim_standardize_n(x, 0, (/0,1/))
   xstd = dim_standardize_n_Wrap(x, 0, (/0,1/)) ; with metadata
Example 5: Let x be as in Example 3 and let x contain monthly means for (say) 10 years of data (ntim=120). Standardized monthly anomalies for each month could be calculated using array subscripting (opt=0 or 1):

   xJan  = dim_standardize_n_Wrap(x(0:ntim-1:12,:,:), opt, 0)
   xJuly = dim_standardize_n_Wrap(x(6:ntim-1:12,:,:), opt)