# wrf_avo

Calculates absolute vorticity from WRF model output.

## Prototype

function wrf_avo ( u : numeric, v : numeric, msfu : numeric, msfv : numeric, msfm : numeric, cor : numeric, dx [1] : numeric, dy [1] : numeric, opt [1] : integer ) return_val : float or double

## Arguments

*u*

X-wind component. An array whose rightmost three dimensions are
*bottom_top* x *south_north* x *west_east_stag*.

*v*

Y-wind component. An array whose rightmost three dimensions are
*bottom_top* x *south_north_stag* x *west_east*,
and whose leftmost dimensions are the same as *u*'s.

*msfu*

Map scale factor on u-grid. An array whose rightmost two dimensions
are the same as *u*'s. If it contains additional leftmost
dimensions, they must be the same as the *u* and *v*
arrays.

*msfv*

Map scale factor on v-grid. An array with the same number of dimensions
as *msfu*, whose rightmost two dimensions are the same as
*v*'s. If it contains additional leftmost dimensions, they
must be the same as the *u* and *v* arrays.

*msfm*

Map scale factor on mass grid. An array with the same number of
dimensions as *msfu* and *msfv*, whose rightmost two
dimensions are *south_north* x *west_east*. If it contains
additional leftmost dimensions, they must be the same as the
*u* and *v* arrays.

*cor*

Coriolis sine latitude term. An array of the same dimensionality as
*msfm*.

*dx*

A scalar representing the grid spacing in X.

*dy*

A scalar representing the grid spacing in Y.

*opt*

An integer option, not in use yet. Set to 0.

## Return value

Absolute vorticity at each grid point. The rightmost three dimensions
will be *bottom_top* x *south_north* x *west_east*, and
the leftmost dimensions, if any, will be the same as *u*'s.
The array will contain the same named dimensions as *u* and
*v*; otherwise, the rightmost two dimensions will be named
"south_north" and "west_east". The type will be double if any of the
input is double, and float otherwise.

## Description

This function returns absolute vorticity, which is the sum of the relative vorticity at each grid point and the Coriolis parameter at the latitude.

The return variable will contain two attributes:

return_val@description = "Absolute Vorticity"

return_val@units = "10-5 s-1"

Questions on this function should be sent to wrfhelp@ucar.edu.

## See Also

See the full list of WRF functions.

## Examples

Note: for WRF variable names and their definitions, you can easily check them by using "ncl_filedump":

ncl_filedump wrfout_d01_2000-01-24_12:00:00.nc

**Example 1**

nc_file = addfile("wrfout_d01_2000-01-24_12:00:00.nc","r") U = nc_file->U V = nc_file->V MSFU = nc_file->MAPFAC_U MSFV = nc_file->MAPFAC_V MSFM = nc_file->MAPFAC_M COR = nc_file->F DX = nc_file@DX DY = nc_file@DY avo =wrf_avo( U, V, MSFU, MSFV, MSFM, COR, DX, DY, 0)

**Example 2**

The function **wrf_user_getvar**
(available in the $NCARG_ROOT/lib/ncarg/nclscripts/wrf/WRFUserARW.ncl
script) can also be used to calculate many diagnostics in one
step.

load "$NCARG_ROOT/lib/ncarg/nclscripts/csm/gsn_code.ncl" load "$NCARG_ROOT/lib/ncarg/nclscripts/wrf/WRFUserARW.ncl" a =addfile("wrfout_d01_2000-01-24_12:00:00.nc","r") avo =wrf_user_getvar(a,"avo",-1) ; calculate avo for all times in file

You can see some other example scripts and their resultant images at:

http://www2.mmm.ucar.edu/wrf/OnLineTutorial/Graphics/NCL/