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dim_cumsum

Calculates the cumulative sum along the rightmost dimension.

Prototype

	function dim_cumsum (
		x    : numeric,  
		opt  : integer   
	)

	return_val [dimsizes(x)] :  typeof(x)

Arguments

x

A variable of numeric type and any dimensionality.

opt

Option for how to treat _FillValue.

  • opt = 0 ; when _FillValue is encountered no additional summing will be performed.
  • opt = 1 ; when _FillValue is encountered set element to _FillValue and resume summing.
  • opt = 2 ; treat _FillValue as numeric zero when summing.

Return value

The same type and dimensionality as x.

Description

The dim_cumsum function calculates the cumulative sum of all elements of the n-1th (rightmost) dimension for each index of the dimensions 0...n-2. Missing values are treated differently as specified by opt.

Use dim_cumsum_n if you want to specify which dimension(s) to do the cumulative sum across.

Use dim_cumsum_Wrap if retention of metadata is desired.

See Also

dim_acumrun_n, cumsum, dim_cumsum_n, dim_cumsum_Wrap, dim_cumsum_n_Wrap, dim_rmvmean, dim_rmvmed

Examples

Example 1: When no _FillValue are encountered all three options return the same result.

  x        = (/1,2,3,4,5/)
  x_sum    = sum(x)            ; result 15        
  x_cumsum = dim_cumsum(x, 0)  ; result (/1  3  6  10  15/)
  x_cumsum = dim_cumsum(x, 1)  ; result (/1  3  6  10  15/)
  x_cumsum = dim_cumsum(x, 2)  ; result (/1  3  6  10  15/)
Example 2: When one or more _FillValue are encountered, each option yields a different answer.
  x        = (/1,2,-999,4,5/)
  x@_FillValue = -999 
  x_sum    = sum(x)            ; result 12
  x_cumsum = dim_cumsum(x, 0)  ; result (/1  3 -999 -999 -999/)
  x_cumsum = dim_cumsum(x, 1)  ; result (/1  3 -999    7   12/)
  x_cumsum = dim_cumsum(x, 2)  ; result (/1  3    3    7   12/)
Example 3: Let p(time,lat,lon), use dimension reordering to make "time" the rightmost dimension and calculate cumulative sums at each time. The opt argument can be set by the user.

  p_cumsum = dim_cumsum(p(lat|:,lon|:,time|:), opt)  ; (nlat,mlon,ntim)
or, to retain meta data
  p_cumsum = dim_cumsum_Wrap(p(lat|:,lon|:,time|:), opt)  
Note: in V5.1.1, you will be able to use dim_cumsum_n to avoid having to reorder your data.

  p_cumsum = dim_cumsum_n(p, opt, 0)
  p_cumsum = dim_cumsum_n_Wrap(p, opt, 0)